Dental prophylaxis aims to prevent diseases of the teeth and periodontium (tissues surrounding the teeth).
Professional hygienic procedures aim at improving the aesthetics, but first of all at strengthening your teeth.
We can count on success in this area by supplementing home prophylaxis (oral hygiene) with professional dental assistance. Systematic check-ups give the patient and the dentist control over the condition of the oral cavity, which results in a beautiful and healthy smile.
In our office, we place particular emphasis on prevention and health promotion by educating small and adult patients on oral hygiene. Apart from choosing the method of brushing, hygienic measures and changing bad hygienic habits, we will adjust an individual oral cavity prophylaxis plan.
As soon as teeth erupt, dental deposits appear on their surface. They can also form on fillings and various types of prosthetic and orthodontic appliances in the oral cavity.
Which deposits do we distinguish?
If the soft deposits are not removed, in this case the bacterial plaque, after 24 hours becomes mineralized and transforms into tartar. The process of calcification (mineralization) is nothing else than saturation of the plaque with minerals from saliva.
The factors that influence the composition and structure of the plaque are: bacteria, diet, saliva composition, anatomical conditions,
the cleaning action of the tongue and cheeks and hygienic practices.
“Scaling”- is a procedure of physical removal of deposits from the surface of teeth especially bacterial plaque and tartar using an ultrasonic dental scaler.
Tartar is a hard mineralized layer of plaque. Depending on the location on the surface of the teeth, one can distinguish between supragingival and subgingival calculus, which is the cause of periodontal inflammation. The presence of tartar is connected with creating retention places for bacterial plaque, which easily accumulates on such uneven surfaces. Tartar creates retention for bacterial plaque, The presence of both soft and hard deposits can lead to more serious problems, including tooth loss, gum disease and inflammation (periodontitis) and bone atrophy resulting in the exposure of tooth roots and loosening of the teeth.
How can you tell if your teeth are covered in tartar?
Unlike plaque, which is a colourless layer of bacteria, tartar is a mineral deposit that is visible to the eye and forms above the gum line. The most common sign of tartar is a yellow or brown colour of the teeth or gums. The only way to identify tartar build-up and remove it is to visit your dentist.
Can the formation of tartar be prevented?
Plaque and calculus build-up can be minimised by proper brushing, flossing, rinsing and regular mechanical removal during scaling.
Tartar is removed in the process known as scaling. In our office we use the ultrasonic method of Swiss company EMSa in case of people who are likely to have pacemaker interference of manual instruments such as sickles or curettes. Scaling should be performed 1-2 times a year, and in case of the existence of inflammatory lesions of the gums 3-6 times a year.
For what purpose do we carry out scaling?
The aim of supragingival and subgingival scaling is to remove deposits, leaving a smooth and polished surface and to remove factors that irritate the root surface.